Big Game and Breathtaking Mountains
The largest of the East African nations, Tanzania is a land as mythic as she is spectacular. From epic tales of conquering Mt. Kilimanjaro, to ancient accounts of the Zanzibar spice trade, to the legendary Great Migrations across the Serengeti, Tanzania is a kaleidoscope of all the richness and beauty that Africa has to offer.
For a hunter, along with the Serengeti, the Selous Reserve is the place where legends are made. At over 55,000 square kilometers, the Selous is one of the largest game reserves in the world, and a prime reservoir for dangerous game, including the Big Five. Offering some of the most traditional of safaris in all of Africa, Tanzania’s hunting delivers the pure exhilaration that made Ernest Hemingway put pen to paper.
For wildlife enthusiasts, the Ngorongoro Crater, a 32-kilometer-wide volcanic caldera, holds some of the largest concentrations of game on earth. The breathtaking Mt. Kilimanjaro (5,895 m) also calls Tanzania home. The highest mountain in Africa, she draws over 20,000 people each year to attempt her summit.
To the west of these peaks is Serengeti National Park, which is known the world over for having the greatest concentration of migratory game animals in the world. Enormous herds, including wildebeest and zebra, make the annual Great Migration across the crocodile-filled Mara River into Kenya.
Moving west from the Serengeti, lie the shores of Lake Victoria, the largest lake in Africa, and one of the primary reservoirs of the mighty Nile. Southwest of Lake Victoria is Lake Tanganyika, the longest and second deepest freshwater lake in the world. At the lake’s northern end lies the famous Gombe National Park, the site of Jane Goodall's chimpanzee research station.
Tanzania's lush Indian Ocean coast is the location of her largest city, Dar es Salaam, and gateway to the mystical isle of Zanzibar, where you will find the port city of Stone Town. For marine life enthusiasts, world-class reefs and plentiful schools of tropical fish lie just off Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia Islands, also known as the Spice Islands. The waters of the Indian Ocean along Tanzania’s coast are rich in big game fish, as well: marlin, tuna, swordfish and biting barracuda abound.
Fishing along Lake Victoria offers an opportunity to experience freshwater lake fishing, while observing wildlife; and fly fishing along Tanzania’s many rivers and large streams is another rewarding experience.
For birdlife enthusiasts, Lake Manyara National Park is legendary for her seemingly endless pink blanket of flamingo, bathing and feeding in the soda lake—a setting extolled by Ernest Hemingway as, “the loveliest I had seen in Africa.”
The climate of Tanzania is quite varied, since she boasts both the highest and the lowest points on the continent. While the narrow lowland coast is consistently hot and humid, the central regions of Tanzania offer much cooler temperatures. The rainy seasons extend from November to early January and from March to May.
For anyone who has ever dreamed of Africa, Tanzania offers some of the most legendary experiences. There are many exceptional travel destinations on the continent, but there is only one Tanzania, and she must be seen to be believed!
HUNTING ASSOCIATION: Tanzania Professional Hunters Association www.tzpha.com
AREA: Tanzania has a land mass of over 945,000 square kms.
CLIMATE: Because she has varied elevations, Tanzania also has varied seasons. Generally, the rainy seasons run from November to early January, and from March to May. The period between July and October is the dry season, when the Great Migration occurs.
POPULATION: The population of Tanzania is over 46.9 million (2012). http://www.southafrica.net/za/en
PROVINCES: Tanzania has thirty Regions, divided into 169 Districts (2012).
LANGUAGES: Tanzania’s official languages are English and Swahili. English is widely spoken, especially by tourism industry staff.
CAPITAL: The official capital city of Tanzania is Dodoma, but Dar es Salaam is the largest city and the principal commercial centre.
CURRENCY: The currency is the Tanzanian Shilling (TZS). 1 TZS = 0.00062 U.S. Dollars (September, 2013). Changing money in Tanzania is not a problem in most populated areas. Currency can be exchanged at banks, most hotels, and Bureaux de Change.
COMMUNICATIONS: Mobile phone, data and Internet services are not always accessible in rural areas. (Please check with your booking agent ahead of time).
TIME ZONE: Tanzania is three hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), and one hour ahead of South Africa year round.