Sitting high upon a plateau, and home to an incredible range of flora and fauna, Zambia is nourished by the Zambezi, Kafue and Luangwa rivers. She also boasts one of the 7 Natural Wonders of the World—the Victoria Falls—and one of the world’s largest man-made lakes, Lake Kariba, calls Zambia home.
An exceptional hunting country, Zambia offers impressive game concentrations and diversity in some of the wildest and most remote areas on the continent. She has been careful to preserve vast tracts of land for wildlife; over 30% of Zambia’s land is allocated to her nineteen National Parks. These are also bordered by Game Management Areas, preserving even more natural habitat.
A trip to Zambia would not be complete without a visit to some of Africa’s biggest and best game parks, including the Kafue National Park and the famous South Luangwa. There are also a number of non-traditional safaris to experience: from canoeing along the game-rich shores of the Lower Zambezi, to a walking, or elephant-back safari through the Zambian interior. You can also book a luxury houseboat for a night or two, or a Lake Kariba sunset cruise aboard the African Queen. No matter which activity you choose, you are sure to find the safari of your dreams!
Zambia is also a birder’s paradise, boasting over 740 species, and the sport fishing is exceptional. Some of the biggest tiger fish can be caught on the Lower Zambezi, often within sight of an elephant herd! In fact, most rivers and lakes in Zambia carry good stocks of fish, but visiting fishermen must remember that hippo and crocodile are found in nearly all Zambian waters, so it is not a good idea to take an impromptu swim!
The Victoria Falls—also called Mosi oa Tunya, meaning, ‘The Smoke that Thunders’—is a must-see! While Lusaka is the country's capital, Livingstone, just ten kilometers from the falls, is better known to travellers, offering adrenaline-packed activities on and around the falls and the Zambezi River.
While in Zambia, why not add white water rafting down the raging rapids of the incredible Zambezi, or flying or bungee jumping over the majestic Victoria Falls to your list of things to experience? For the shopper, special hand-crafted mementos can be found at local markets, including carvings, pottery, woven reed items, beadwork and Zambia’s renowned copperware.
Because of her high elevation, most of the country has a mild climate, while the river valleys are hotter and more humid. In the north, on the shores of Lake Tanganyika, the weather becomes tropical.
Pack lightweight clothing, as well as rain gear. Early mornings and evenings are cooler, and you will need a jacket or sweater. As is common in most Southern African countries, remember that it is illegal to photograph airports, government buildings and military vehicles. If you have electronic equipment that is sensitive to moisture, take care around the falls, as the mist is ever-present.
With her vast open spaces, boundless variety of wildlife, and countless adventure activities, Zambia surpasses all expectations as a superb, all-round travel destination that everyone can enjoy!
HUNTING ASSOCIATION: Professional Hunters Association of Zambia www.phazambia.com
AREA: Zambia has a land mass of over 750,000 square kms, which is slightly larger than Texas.
CLIMATE: Although Zambia lies in the Tropics, her elevation ensures that her climate remains pleasant. The country has three distinct seasons: the warm, wet, rainy season from December to April; the cool, dry season from May to August; and the hot, dry season from September to November. Average summer temperatures range from 25-35° C and from 6-24° C in winter.
POPULATION: The population of Zambia is over 14 million (2012).http://www.southafrica.net/za/en
PROVINCES: Zambia has recently added a 10th Province, Muchinga. The other Provinces are: Central, Copperbelt, Eastern, Luapula, Lusaka, Northern, North-Western, Southern, and Western.
LANGUAGES: There are over 73 tribal dialects in Zambia, but the official language is English.
CAPITAL: The capital of Zambia is Lusaka.
CURRENCY: The currency is the Zambian Kwacha (ZMK). 1 ZMK = 0.00019 USD (September, 2013). Foreign currency can be exchanged at local banks, hotels, and Bureaux de Change.
COMMUNICATIONS: Zambia has a well-developed communications infrastructure in major urban areas. (Please check with your booking agent for coverage information for your particular itinerary.)
TIME ZONE: Like South Africa, Zambia is two hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) year round.